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France

Macron's political surprise
and his next challenges


Game is not over, but it starts right now. After Macron's election as the eighth President of the French Republic, the youngest of its history, European Union heaved a sigh of relief. French chose the candidate that represented and defended the European values, much more than the other ones, against a populist vote for Marine Le Pen the far right candidate of Front National. He supported and support nowadays European position with courage, but there's a long way to follow, which begins with the next French legislative elections, on the 8th and 11th June.

Emanuel Macron has to start walking immediately. His own political movement says exactly this: "En March!". So far, he has been able to rise his political consensus in just one year since the foundation of his movement. It is not enough, but in this sense Macron's figure was that of a revolutionary and clever policy analist: he understood that there would be no space for traditional parties and he changed his way accordingly changed his way. It has already happened just at the first electoral round and this was something completely new at a President election. In the French election history, Macron has defeated the traditional parties: republicans and socialists, two political forces that have always been present at the second electoral round.

The other surprising novelty is that: by voting "En March!" French citizens have expressed a strong protest vote. It is not like a populist vote against Europe and globalization, but it is "the new page of history" as the new French President Macron said after his election. It could be considered as a "positive protest vote": it means to refuse the fear ofimmigrants, of a global economy and to express faith in optimism, even if many difficulties still have to be overcome. It is a protest against a social closure and a radical nationalism.

Three factors contributed to Macron's victory: his intelligence as a political analyst, his audacity for believing in success even if it seemed really impossible and a bit of luck too. Both the candidate of Republican, Fillon, and the Socialist's one, Hamon, endorsed for Macron, just for stopping the xenophobe and racist policy of Marine Le Pen. In this sense, he collected votes without any efforts from traditional parties, the same ones which he had previously defeated. The far left, Melanchon's party, is the only political force which refused to support the elected French President, not without being criticised.

Now Macron's challenge is not to be loved, but to convince. The day after the election Freance seems a divided country, where only an half of its population stands for the new President. There were 12 millions of white ballot and other 4,2 millions that were invalid. He cannot but take this into consideration. "I will fight divisions" Macron said in his speech after the election, by showing the will to unite and represent whole the country. "The challenge - he continued - imposes to build a strong political majority that is the change deserved by the French. I hope that I will reach this majority, so I need you". This is Macron's principal political problem for governing the country which elected him. He does not have a real party, but a recent political movement. So the risk is that the French people could not demonstrate the same support that they had shown for presidential elections at legislative one. Macron could be obliged to govern with other political forces just like the Socialist party, which was his party before becoming an independent Presidential Candidat

Paola Corona

[12.5.2017 - 10:47]



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